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Ancient Bharata and Symmetrical Composition

A demonstration of how scientific Samskruta (Sanskrit) as a lauguage is.

When I say “Symmetry” what comes to your mind? A picture that has two identical faces? Well true. Symmetrical shapes, symmetrical face and shall we say symmetrical poetry? The last word seems to grab some attention. What is this symmetrical poetry? Let us start with a simple example. Look at the figures below.

In the figure 3, you read from left to right and top to bottom, you get the same words. These were just arranging words in this symmetry, this in itself takes some effort to come up with. But if we have to write sentences to have this symmetry, how challenging will that be? Sanskrit and its derived languages have capabilities in which advanced symmetry can be achieved. Also in Sanskrit literature, these symmetries are given meaningful names.

Acharya Vedanta Deshikar (1268–1369), a srivaishnava philosopher was an exceptional personality with command over wide range of subjects. Subjects of his mastery are so diverse, it’s hard to even imagine such a genius. He was exceptional in civil engineering, sculpting, mathematics, food science, behavioral science and many more besides Sanskrit and vishistadhvitha philosophy. Because of this, he is given the title “Sarva Tantra Swatantra”. To read about two other genius compositions, click on the following links.


Read About Shri Deshikar’s posts here:

Can You Draw In Sanskrit
Knight Tour Puzzle

 

Now let us see another gem of Swami Deshikan, from his magnum opus “Paduka Sahasram”. He has composed an advanced symmetrical shloka in a system called “Ardha Yamaka-Bhramaka Bandha”. Yamaka means an IDENTICAL TWIN and Bhramaka means MOVING. Take a look at the following shloka and understand the fantastic symmetry. It is already tokenized for convenience.

Step 1:

Take a mirror image of the shloka and place it next to it as shown below. This means, reverse the sentence in each of the lines in the shloka. This is creating Yamaka.

We can see that each line is reversed and written down like a mirror image.

Notice the line numbers, in the mirror image, they are numbered from bottom to top.

Step 2:

Arrange the two parts in ascending order of the line number. We get the following.

Step 3:

Now we are ready to see the magic revealing. Read the shloka line by line inside the marked area in the specified direction. Surprise, they read exactly the same.

Table 1 reads the first line of the shloka inside all the boxes, Table 2 the second line and so on.

Composing this kind of poetry not only demands immense vocabulary, but also immense knowledge of grammar, artistry and imagination. Swami Deshikan, displayed such genius 700 years ago. This also shows how scientific the Sanskrit language is.

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