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Fundamental Principles of Ayurveda and Yoga

Literally Ayu means life and veda means knowledge. Ayurveda is a knowledge about nature of our life.

Literally yoga means union. Yogic science offers a various tools to find ultimate expression of life through attaining harmonious relationship with our body, mind, breath, energy and shows ways to become one with the universe.

Ayurveda and ayurveda therapy both are different entities. As well as Yoga and yoga therapy are two different entities.

Yoga and ayurveda both are the ways of life. we can call them as ‘lifestyles’

Sudarshan doing Urdhva virchikasasana

Actually, most of we need ayurveda and yoga, Not ayurveda therapy or yoga therapy. Therapy is only to the people who already have crossed the self-help limit. The need of therapist comes only If you are suffering from illness or dis-ease.

Both, Ayurveda and yoga are age-old traditional life- science evolved in indian subcontinent during Vedic era. It offers many methods to understand the fundamental nature of the self through self, offers many process which opens up a possibilities to get collaboration and co-operative connection with the nature that creates conducive atmosphere within which supports the self-healing process from inside out.

Being rooted in Veda, both Yoga and ayurveda focuses more on inner well-being. These health-care systems does not emphasize the treatment of individual physical illness. Holistically, it treats the person in total with more focus on wellness. As one unit.

Ayurveda has much more than relaxation body massage or herbal formulation or difficult diets. Yoga has much more than twisting -turning yogasana and breathing exercise.

There are many ways to self-empowerment but none of the path are better than our own self experience of true nature of self-life. The journey towards liberation begins with ayurveda and passes through yogic practices.

Types of ayurveda therapy

Ayurveda treatment is classified into mainly two categories.

They are: one is Therapy with oral medications and another one is therapy with ayurveda procedures. [shamana chikitsa and shodhana chikitsa].

Oral medicines are prepared from herbs or minerals or combination of herbal-mineral compound. They are used in the treatment of simple health problems which has few, mild symptoms in some parts of the body, whereas ayurveda detox procedures are used in the treatment of complex health problems like lifestyle dis-orders and chronic illness in which many systems of the body- mind and life-energy are involved.

Oral medication therapy (ex: Tablets or Syrups or Powders etc) is commonly used for temporary symptomatic relief, whereas therapy with procedures ( ex:Abhyanga, Dhara, Virechana, Nasya etc) are prescribed to eliminate the toxin accumulated within us and to enhance the self-healing process within. Hence ayurveda therapy with procedures are called purification therapy or detoxification therapy. Shodhana are indicated for the management of chronic suffering like chronic pain or chronic stress and stain or psychosomatic dis-ease or lifestyle dis-orders.

What is yoga therapy?

Yoga therapy is a process of empowering the individuals to progress towards improved health and well-being through the applications of the teachings and practices of yoga: As defined by international associations of yoga therapy (IAYT).

Yoga therapy is a art and science of holistic healing which mainly focused on personalized approaches to attain the self-empowerment through wide ranges of body-mind practices including specific postures and breathing techniques, deep relaxation techniques and meditation etc .

Yoga and yogasana have become almost synonyms in this world. But they are not exactly same. Yoga is a state of being and yogasana is one step in asthanga yoga.

Initial 4 steps of asthanga Yoga practices are called bahiranga yoga

(yama,niyama,asana and pranayama) because they involves more of external actions.next 4 steps of asthanga Yoga practices are called antaranga yoga( pratyahara, dharana, dhyana, samdahi, trayamekatra samyama) because it involves more of internal actions.

Yogasana prepares your body to sit still easily, so that one can able to experience yogastha state.

All human experience has a chemical basis and Yoga is a technique that keep this bio-chemistry in balance in favor of us.

Yoga is a state of equanimity in all situation of life no matter eitherthat is favorable or not (samatvam yoga uchyate:bhagavadgeetha)

Yoga is a technique to calm down our mind (Yogahmanaprashamana upaya- yoga vasistha)

Yoga is Mastery over modification of mind (Yoga chittavrittinirodha- patanjali yogasutra).

Pleasant- fullness within body -mind-energy is called health .

We don’t get affected by anything in this world if we establish our self in yoga state and then the action is carried depending on needof the situation. (Yogastha kuru karmani : bhagavadgeetha).

Resolving conflict happening within and resolving the conflict happening between you v/s universe is the main goal of yoga therapy.

If our body- mind-energy follows our instruction then our life will be at absolute ease and optimum healthy state. If our body-mind -energy does not follows instruction from us then dis-ease and dis -order begins from within.

Illustrative Images: Young yoga guru, Sudarshan from Kanchipuram performing asanas

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Dr. Narayan Hegde
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