★ Children Articles Submission Open Click Here

Art & Culture Latest Music


The Science & Art of Communication Through Fingers

In the present age “ Impressing in the first 90 seconds”, “ Speak with your mouth shut”, “ Listening to the unspoken “, jargons like this are very common . Communicating without speaking is the new norm in corporate communication and communication strategies. Non- verbal communication also gives a peek into the psyche of the individual. What can be masked with the intelligent play of words might be revealed through our eyes, hands & body posture.

 It is now more widely acknowledged that nonverbal communication is a more effective tool in ones kit. Testimony to this are the phrases like “Actions speak louder than words”,’’ Appreciate your kind gesture”. Long before the western world woke up to this, our ancient Indian Rishis had mastered the art of communicating with oneself & the outside world with a sophisticated nonverbal mode of communication called MUDRAS.

The subconscious use of various MUDRAS to communicate basic emotions, feelings & ideas is common throughout the humankind, however it is only in India that this human phenomenon has been observed, codified, structured, refined, documented & extensively used as the science & the art of MUDRAS.

Basically MUDRA means a Gesture.
  • One of the esoteric meaning of the word MUDRA is “to seal”, or “to close”.( one of the methods by which MUDRA achieves its purpose is by bringing various diverse flows of Pranic energy into a closed circuit ).
  • Word MUDRA is derived from the Sanskrit words MUD + DHARA or Bliss + Dissolving means that which dissolves duality & brings together different entity ( like the Deity & the Devotee).
  • MUDRA is also defined as neuro-muscular activity stimulating into action, involuntary muscles with (or without) a remittent activity of the endocrine (or exocrine) glands.
  • MUDRAS are an external expression of the “inner resolve”, suggesting that nonverbal communications are more powerful than the spoken words.
  • In its highest form, it is a magical art of symbolic gesture through which invisible forces on the earthly sphere can be harnessed.

In India, from time immemorial, MUDRAS are extensively employed at three levels

  1. In classical dance forms.
  2. In Hindu ritualistic worship.
  3. In yoga & Tantra.

Mudras are extensively used in Indian dance forms like Bharatanatyam, Kathakali, Mohiniyattam & so on. In dance they are called HASTAS. Bharatha muni has elaborately described & prescribed the usage of HASTAS in his seminal work NATYASHASTRA also called as the PANCHAMA VEDA as it is a treatise on theatre, music, dance, sculpture & everything of visual & fine arts. This shloka illustrates the significance of the Hastas in dance

Yatho hastas thatho drishti
Yatho drishtis thatho manaha
Yatho manas thatho bhava
Yatho bhavas thatho rasaha

Which translates into

Where the hand goes, there follows the eyes
Where the eyes go, there follows the mind
Where the mind goes, there follows the expression & only when the Bhava is expressed there is the complete enjoyment of RASA ( a particular emotional state). Hence the primary vehicle the performer employs to guide the psyche of the audience towards the desired direction is HASTAS.
The mudra in Bharatanatyam is more of an inter-personal communication. The subtle emotions & spiritual experiences which are hard to be conveyed verbally are eloquently expressed through the trained glances of the eye, position of the hands, the feet & the body.

Another class of hand positions or hastas are more graphical & descriptive. The hastas used in dance are classified according to the purpose they serve. Some of them are Samyutha hastas, Asamyutha hastas, Bandhavya hastas, Devatha hastas, & so on. The position of the fingers are very clearly described for each hasta along with their usage.






Latest posts by Poornima Rajini (see all)

97 Replies to “MUDRAS

  1. There are certainly a lot of details like that to take into consideration. That is a great point to bring up. I offer the thoughts above as general inspiration but clearly there are questions like the one you bring up where the most important thing will be working in honest good faith. I don?t know if best practices have emerged around things like that, but I am sure that your job is clearly identified as a fair game. Both boys and girls feel the impact of just a moment?s pleasure, for the rest of their lives.

  2. I’ve been building websites for a while now… like 10 years, haha. Just for fun of course. Nothing major. But some people have seen my work and suggested I start a website building business or some sort. How would I go about doing this? I don’t know a whole lot about servers and such but I’m a very fast learner. Could anyone give me a heads up or point me in the right direction of some information on this?.

  3. Simply desire to say your article is as surprising. The clearness in your post is simply great and i could assume you’re an expert on this subject. Fine with your permission let me to grab your feed to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue the rewarding work.

  4. Today, I went to the beach with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said “You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.” She put the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is totally off topic but I had to tell someone!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *