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Parshuram –“Brahma – Kshatriya”

Parshuram – Brahmin & Kshatriya Traits

Lord Vishnu is known for his different incarnations .His sixth avatar is believed to be as “Parshuram” in ‘Treta yug’. Parshuram means ‘lord Rama with an axe’

To begin with, Parshuram was the son of a rishi Jamadagni and Renuka. Parshuram, born in a Brahmin family, he was unlike the other Brahmins. Instead he carried traits of a Kshatriya. This included aggression, warfare and valour; hence he is called as “Brahma – Kshatriya” as he had skills from both the clan.  

Parshuram’s grandmother Satyavati a warrior princess married rushi Ruchika, was concerned that due to her Kshatriya parentage, her children might display tendencies of warriors and would not worships words but swords. Hence she appealed her husband to use his divine powers to ensure her offspring would turn out to be a knowledge seeking Brahmin. 

At the same time Satyavati’s mother and king Ghadi liked to have an heir who would rule their kingdom with all Kshatriya tendencies and be a powerful son who would be disposed toward war and weapon. 

Keeping both appeals in mind Rishi Ruchika performed a Yajna (Vedic Ritual) and divided the payasam sanctified through the Yajna into two parts one part was given to Satyavati and the other part was given to her mother. Somehow during the course, the portions got exchanged and soon they realised the same after consumption.

Concerned Satyavati appealed her to husband to do something about the same. Rishi Ruchika could not entirely alter the potency of his mantras he did take some steps to ensure that the effect of the payasam would be delayed by one generation to Satyavati. Hence, the effect of the payasam as delayed not entirely annulled, Rishi Jamadagni was born to Satyavati and Parshuram was born to Rishi Jamadagni with all Kshatriya tendencies.

Satyavati’s mother had a son named Vishwamitra who grew up as Kshatriya but later turned out to be a Rishi.

Parshuram had received an axe from Lord Shiva after undertaking terrible reparation. Lord Shiva had also taught his methods of warfare and other skills.

Parshuram – The Mythology

One story associated with Parshuram is that once King Kartavirya Sahasrarjuna and his army forcibly tried to take away Parshuram’s father’s divine cow named Kamdhenu.

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Kamadhenu

Being angry and revengeful, he killed the entire army and King Kartavirya. In revenge for their father’s death, the king’s son killed Jamadagni in Parshuram’s absence. Furious and hurt by their act, he went ahead killing all the king’s sons and corrupt Haihaya Kings and warriors on the earth. He conducted the Ashvamedha sacrifice and gave away his entire holdings to the priests who conducted the ritual.

Parshuram – More to Know
  1. He played an important role in Ramayana by giving Bow of Lord Shiva to Janaka Raja for Sita Devi’s Swayamwar.
  2. He played an important role in Mahabharata by serving a Guru to Bhishmacharya, Dhronacharya and Karna
  3. Lord Shiva challenged Parshuram for a battle to test his skills, which lasted for 21 days. Parshuram attacked Shiva with his Parshu which stuck on his forehead, which impressed Shiva.  Thus Shiva is also known as Khanda-Parshu.
  4. Parshuram also cursed Karna that he will forget his skills when he needed it the most. This happened when Parshuram discovered that Karna was a Kshatriya and not a Brahmin.
  5. Parshuram is also known to have thrown his axe at Lord Ganesh for stopping him on his way to meet Lord Shiva in Mount Kailash. The axe hit Lord Ganesh on the left tusk breaking it. Hence Lord Ganesh got the name Ekadanta.

About the Author

Khushi J Rao is a 5th Grader with NPS Bangalore. Khushi J Rao is also learning carnatic music and sketching. She has accieved many accolades at school

Editor, Pride Of Bharath
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