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The Nakshatra System

Read about Some Calculations of Hindu Calendar here

Do you know how days were tracked in ancient India

Since we know a little about Lunar and Solar calendars now, let’s see how days were tracked in ancient India. Depending on which star the Moon was nearest to, that day was marked with the star’s name.

Hindu calendar considers 27 major stars that could be easily seen in the sky nearest to the Moon.  A diety is associated with each star , is classified based on gender, and an animal is associated with each star. 

Image Sourced from Internet

Although why such associations is a question that arises in each of our minds, it needs a broader explanation and study of such books and text.

In short, The animal connected to the stars is believed to give indication of the personality, behaviour pattern, and more about a person. The associated deities with these stars is believed to be responsible for day to day happenings with a person. 

There are also associations of body parts to these stars and the person might benefit or suffer from such health issues is the belief.

When we were kids, this was something we were taught to recite.. Teach your children the 27 Nakshatras to recite. Its a great way to get started knowing the ancient calendar. 

27 Nakshatras of Hindu Calendar
#Sanskrit संस्कृतम्GenderAnimal AssociatedDiety
1Ashvinī अश्विनीMaleHorseAshwini Twins
2Bharanī भरणीMaleElephantYama
3Krittikā कृत्तिकाFemaleSheepAgni
4Rohini रोहिणीMaleSerpentPrajapati
5Mrigashīrsha म्रृगशीर्षाFemaleSerpentSoma
6Ārdrā आर्द्राFemaleDogRodra
7Punarvasu पुनर्वसुFemaleCatAditi
8Pushya पुष्यMaleSheepBruhaspati
9Āshleshā आश्ळेषा / आश्लेषाMaleCatNaaga/Serpent
10Maghā मघाMaleRatPitarah
11Pūrva or Pūrva Phalgunī पूर्व फल्गुनीFemaleRatAryaman
12Uttara or Uttara Phalgunī उत्तर फल्गुनीMaleCowAryaman
13Hasta हस्तFemaleBuffaloSavitru(Sun)
14Chitrā चित्राMaleTigerIndra
15Svātī स्वातीMaleBuffaloVaayu
16Vishākhā विशाखाMaleTigerIndragni
17Anurādhā अनुराधाFemaleHareMitra
18Jyeshtha ज्येष्ठाMaleHareVaruna
19Mūla मूलMaleDogNiryati
20Pūrva Ashādhā पूर्वाषाढाMaleMonkeyApah
21Uttara Ashādhā उत्तराषाढाMaleMongooseVishedeva
22Shravana श्रवणFemaleMonkeyVishnu
23Shravishthā or Dhanishta  श्रविष्ठा or धनिष्ठाFemaleLionVasavah
24Shatabhishā or Shatataraka शतभिषक् / शततारकाFemaleHorseVaruna
25Pūrva Bhādrapadā पूर्वभाद्रपदा / पूर्वप्रोष्ठपदाMaleLionAja Ekapada
26Uttara Bhādrapadā उत्तरभाद्रपदा / उत्तरप्रोष्ठपदाFemaleCowAhir-Budhnya
27Revati रेवतीFemaleElephantPushan
Next in the series, look out for What were the Seasons, Months, and Days in Hindu Calendar
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