Read about Some Calculations of Hindu Calendar here
Do you know how days were tracked in ancient India
Since we know a little about Lunar and Solar calendars now, let’s see how days were tracked in ancient India. Depending on which star the Moon was nearest to, that day was marked with the star’s name.
Hindu calendar considers 27 major stars that could be easily seen in the sky nearest to the Moon. A diety is associated with each star , is classified based on gender, and an animal is associated with each star.
Although why such associations is a question that arises in each of our minds, it needs a broader explanation and study of such books and text.
In short, The animal connected to the stars is believed to give indication of the personality, behaviour pattern, and more about a person. The associated deities with these stars is believed to be responsible for day to day happenings with a person.
There are also associations of body parts to these stars and the person might benefit or suffer from such health issues is the belief.
When we were kids, this was something we were taught to recite.. Teach your children the 27 Nakshatras to recite. Its a great way to get started knowing the ancient calendar.
27 Nakshatras of Hindu Calendar
|#||Sanskrit संस्कृतम्||Gender||Animal Associated||Diety|
|1||Ashvinī अश्विनी||Male||Horse||Ashwini Twins|
|9||Āshleshā आश्ळेषा / आश्लेषा||Male||Cat||Naaga/Serpent|
|11||Pūrva or Pūrva Phalgunī पूर्व फल्गुनी||Female||Rat||Aryaman|
|12||Uttara or Uttara Phalgunī उत्तर फल्गुनी||Male||Cow||Aryaman|
|20||Pūrva Ashādhā पूर्वाषाढा||Male||Monkey||Apah|
|21||Uttara Ashādhā उत्तराषाढा||Male||Mongoose||Vishedeva|
|23||Shravishthā or Dhanishta श्रविष्ठा or धनिष्ठा||Female||Lion||Vasavah|
|24||Shatabhishā or Shatataraka शतभिषक् / शततारका||Female||Horse||Varuna|
|25||Pūrva Bhādrapadā पूर्वभाद्रपदा / पूर्वप्रोष्ठपदा||Male||Lion||Aja Ekapada|
|26||Uttara Bhādrapadā उत्तरभाद्रपदा / उत्तरप्रोष्ठपदा||Female||Cow||Ahir-Budhnya|